Nike – The Greek goddess of Victory. ", Hesiod, Theogony 383 ff (trans. . . Nike is often found in the company of the goddess of Wisdom and War, Athena, who never puts up with defeat. Thus she has the same capability as Athena. She was often depicted as a beautiful young woman with wings, holding a lyre, wreath, and a bowl and cup. In 'Nike & the Olympics' we explore the ideas of Excellence, Glory & Strife that underpin the great Games. It is said that without Nike, the gods couldn't have won the war with the Titans. "On the right of the gateway [of the Akropolis (Acropolis) in Athens] is a temple of Nike Apteron (Wingless). 3 (trans. 1. 12 ff (trans. § 4. iii. In it are small images made of stone. Just as the helmet in her left [is a representation] of battle. By the classical period, many of these early gods and goddesses had been reduced to the role of attributes or aspects of the leading gods, much as the pantheon of Hindu gods are symbolic … This SpiritualRay will give you some information about Nike – the Greek goddess of victory. There were no specific myths about Nike or her siblings, though. Alternatively [she stands] allegorically for the notion that even winning is completely dependent on thought; for thought contributes to victory, but being thoughtless and impetuous while fighting leads to defeat. ", Nonnus, Dionysiaca 2. "Golden blessed Nike (Victory). Nike flew around battlefields, rewarding the worthy victors with glory and fame, symbolized by a wreath of laurel leaves. Theoi Project © Copyright 2000 - 2017 Aaron J. Atsma, Netherlands & New Zealand, (Hesiod Theogony 383, Bacchylides Frag 11 & Ep 2, Apollodorus 1.9, Hyginus Preface). 4 (trans. And your fiery Hephaistos (Hephaestus) has left his favourite Lemnos, and dragging unruly knees, look how slowly he keeps his unsteady course! daughter of thick-tressed, right-judging Styx. Just as the helmet in her left [is a representation] of battle. In 'Nike and War' we understand the myth of Ares, God of War, and how he relates to Nike, Goddess of Victory. According to Greek mythology Nike was the daughter of the Titan Pallas and the Goddess Styx; although some stories say she was the daughter of Mars – the God of War. "[Ares] father of warlike (eupolemos) Nike, ally of Themis. 6 : Pausanias, Description of Greece 1. Aldrich) (Greek mythographer C2nd A.D.) : As an attribute of both Athena, the goddess of wisdom, and the chief god, Zeus, Nike was represented in art as a small figure carried in the hand by those divinities. "Also he [the historic Sicilian tyrant Dionysius of Syracuse] have no scruples in removing the little gold images of Nike (Victory) and the gold cups and crowns carried in the outstretched hands of statues [of the gods].". And Styx the daughter of Ocean was joined to Pallas and bore Zelus (Emulation) and trim-ankled Nike (Victory) in the house. "By the altar of Zeus, best ruler, the flowers of glory-bringing Nike [i.e. Also she brought forth Kratos (Cratus, Strength) and Bia (Force), wonderful children. Her Roman name was known as Victoria (Gr: Νικη) (see Roman Mythology for more information), which of course translated to "victory". There are no specific myths concerning her. Regula, deTraci. Greek Lyric IV) (Greek lyric C5th B.C.) "[At Olympia :] There is also a bronze statue of Kratisthenes (Cratisthenes) of Kyrene (Cyrene), on the chariot stand Nike and Kratisthenes himself. There are no myths dedicated specifically to this Goddess. 15. 36. 4 : Pausanias, Description of Greece 5. Nike is the embodiment of victory in sports and on the battlefield [Lenardon 2011, 185]. "The Story of Nike, the Greek Goddess of Victory." Frequently she is seen hovering with outspread wings over the victor in a competition. "[In the battle between Zeus and Typhoeus :] Nike (Victory) lifted her shield and held it before Zeus : Enyo countered with a shout, and Ares made a din. 82 (trans. Taylor) (Greek hymns C3rd B.C. : impartial Enyo held equal balance between the two sides, between Zeus and Typhon, while the thunderbolts with booming shots revel like dancers in the sky. ", Ovid, Metamorphoses 8. A reminder that the Goddess of Victory is ready to crown a Nike personified triumph. Meanwhile, the two of them are the best of friends and complement each other nicely. § 2.) Conway) (Greek lyric C6th to 5th B.C.) The Romans called her Victoria. These have no house apart from Zeus, nor any dwelling nor path except that wherein God leads them, but they dwell always with Zeus the loud-thunderer. "At Olympia . 8 : The Romans knew her as Victoria, a name that obviously means "victory", and is still popular today. 1. "Hiero's swift horses, Olympic runners: they sped in the company of pre-eminent Nikai (Nicae, Victories) and Aglaiai (Aglaeae, Glories) by the wide-eddying Alpheus [during the Olympic Games]. Greek Lyric IV) (Greek lyric C5th B.C.) ", Bacchylides, Epigrams 2 : She often carries the staff of Hermes, symbolic of her role as the messenger of Victory. The citizens worshipped the goddesses in hopes of a successful outcome in the long Peloponnesian War fought against the Spartans and allies. The statue of Athena that once stood inside it was not winged. In fact, in contrast with depictions of earlier winged gods, who could take the form of birds in stories, by the classical period, Nike is unique in having kept hers. Come, mighty Goddess, and thy suppliant bless, with sparkling eyes, elated with success; may deeds illustrious thy protection claim, and find, led on by thee, immortal fame. The Greek traveler and geographer Pausanias, writing about 600 years later, called the goddess depicted here Athena Aptera, or wingless. to C1st A.D.) : ", Bacchylides, Fragment 11 (trans. . 17. Athenian Red Figure Vase Painting C5th B.C. Besides her wings, her strengths are her fast running ability and her skill as the divine charioteer. Stand up as champion of your own children! Taylor) (Greek hymns C3rd B.C. When Zeus was gathering allies at the start of the Titan War, Styx brought her four children Nike, Zelos, Cratus and Bia into the service of the god. (Paus. Nike is the Greek goddess of victory and all things attributed to victory, e.g., winning a war, conquering new land, or climaxing on someones back.Nike was usually portrayed as having large, practical bird wings.It is thought that she used these wings to bypass early morning traffic jams and roadwork zones. . 7 : Pausanias, Description of Greece 4. That may well be, but shortly after the temple was completed, a parapet wall with a frieze of several winged Nikes was added. 14. "When golden Nike (Victory) nursed him [the victorious athlete] on her bosom in their land. . swiftly turned his golden chariot toward the round of the ethereal stars, while Nike by his side drove her father's team with the heavenly whip. 26. "[Ares god of war] father of warlike (eupolemos) Nike, ally of Themis. Learn more about the goddess, her story, and the mythology surrounding her before you visit the Acropolis of Athens, where she takes her place beside Athena. 88 ff : ", Suidas s.v. Goddess Nike Location #4 The fourth and final Goddess Nike is located East of War’s Den. : Bacchylides, Fragment 3 (trans. : Take your lordly thunderbolt and champion chaste Artemis.’", Nonnus, Dionysiaca 2. (Paus. : In fact, she represented the personification of victory, both in war and in pacific competitions. Continental Germanic. "[In the contest between Athena and Poseidon for the dominion of Athens :] She shows an olive tree, springing pale-green with berries on the boughs; the gods admire; Victoria (Victory) [Nike] ends the work. : . She also appears carrying a palm branch, a wreath, or the staff of Hermes. Zeus instituted and oath to be sworn by the waters of Styx that flowed from a rock in Haides' realm, an honor granted in return for the help she and her children gave him against the Titanes (Titans). The idea the Lakedaimonians express by this image is the same as the Athenians express by their Wingless Nike; the former think that Enyalios will never run away from them, being bound in the fetters, while the Athenians think that Nike, having no wings, will always remain where she is. The base of grey Lartos marble suggests that the artwork was not only intended as a tribute to Nike but also served to commemorate a victory in a naval battle. She was the daughter of the Titan Pallas and the goddess Styx, and had three … One of them, Nike adjusting her sandal, known as "The Sandal Binder" depicts the goddess draped in figure-revealing wet fabric. In this fashion, and with such a belief, have these cities set up the wooden images. §§ 1, 2, .vi. Nike (Greek mythology) is the Greek goddess of victory, both in battle and in sport. Nike was appointed his charioteer, and together the four became sentinels of Zeus' throne. ", Bacchylides, Fragment 11 (trans. 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